Overview of cryogenic valves

Overview of cryogenic valves

The valve suitable for medium temperature -40℃~ -196℃ is called cryogenic valve. Mainly used in ethylene, liquefied natural gas plants, natural gas LPG LNG storage tanks, receiving bases and satellite stations, air separation equipment, petrochemical tail gas separation equipment, liquid oxygen, liquid nitrogen, liquid argon, carbon dioxide cryogenic storage tanks and tank trucks, pressure transformation On devices such as adsorbing oxygen. The output liquid cryogenic medium, such as ethylene, liquid oxygen, liquid hydrogen, liquefied natural gas, liquefied petroleum products, etc., is not only inflammable and explosive, but also vaporizes when the temperature rises, and the volume expands hundreds of times when it is vaporized.

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CNC machine tools ,large vertical lathes, drill press, milling lathe grinding machine , Welding machine , separate metal working workshops and many general machine tool etc.

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Material analysis, PMI Material analysis. Chemical analysis. Low temperature test, Tensile Test ,Impact test, Hardness test. Wall thickness test, roughness test. Torque test. NDT Inspection (MT,PT,UT,RT). HIC test ,SSC test . Intercrystalline corrosion Test ,Uniform corrosion Test.

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The company is the first one to pass ISO 9001(2008),ISO 14001 ,OHAS 18001 international quality system certificate, China pressure pipe safety registration certificate (AZ), European Union safety registration certificate (CE0036), and American Petroleum Institute Certificate (API 6D) and (API607) .

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We are one of the member unit of China Valve Association as well as China Gas Association, member unit of first class supplying network of CNPC and member unit of fittings supplying network of State Power Corporation.

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EDVC VALVE CO.,LTD.is a specialized in valve manufacturing enterprise with more than 15 years of history.We main produce Top Entry Ball Valve, Fully Welded Ball Valve, Arc Valve, Aluminum Bronze Valve, Automatic Recirculation Valve, Orbit Ball Valve, Safety Valve, Globe Valve, Tilting Disc Check Valve and Rising Stem Ball Valve etc.

The products have been exported to Austria, France, Germany, United Kingdom ,America, Middle East and Asia, Africa . areas and countries. Moreover, the products are widely used in the fields of oil & gas, Oil refinery, Petrochemical,power station ,Sewage treatment, pharmacy, Paper mills, pipeline industry , mining industry , chemical industry and environmental protection.

We are a professional manufacturer of valves in China, with the aim of "providing the first class products and services". On behalf of all of the members at EDVC Valve, we thank you for the opportunity to earn your business.

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Commonly used cryogenic valve type

Cryogenic valves include gate valves, globe valves, check valves, ball valves, butterfly valves, throttle valves, pressure reducing valves, etc. Among them, the most commonly used are cryogenic gate valves, cryogenic globe valves, cryogenic ball valves and cryogenic butterfly valves. For example, the MSS SP-134 standard involves cryogenic gate valves, cryogenic globe valves, cryogenic ball valves and cryogenic butterfly valves, and the GB/T 24925 standard involves cryogenic gate valves, cryogenic globe valves, cryogenic check valves, cryogenic ball valves and cryogenic butterfly valves.

Frequently Asked Question

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The main reason for the internal leakage of the valve is the deformation of the sealing pair in the low temperature state. When the temperature of the medium drops to a phase change of the material, the volume changes, and the sealing surface with high grinding accuracy is warped and deformed, resulting in poor low-temperature sealing.

Valve leakage: First, when the valve and the pipeline are connected by flanges, leakage occurs due to the unsynchronized contraction of gaskets, connecting bolts, and connecting parts at low temperatures. Therefore, the connection method between the valve body and the pipeline can be changed from flange connection to welding structure to avoid low temperature leakage. The second is leakage at the valve stem and packing.

This is because the plasticity and sealing of the low temperature valve packing will become worse as the temperature drops, leakage and icing will occur at the packing, which will affect the low cooling capacity loss, and the valve cover must adopt a long neck structure. The cross-sectional area of the long neck portion should be small, generally cylindrical, and the gap between the inner wall and the valve stem should also be small. In order to reduce the cold transfer upwards. The length of the neck is related to temperature and caliber. The lower the temperature and the larger the caliber, the longer the length.

It must be on the high pressure side. The purpose is to maintain the pressure balance between the upstream and the valve ball flow passage cavity when the ball valve is closed, to prevent the cryogenic liquid in the ball valve cavity from instantaneous vaporization and expansion, causing the valve body to burst.

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